Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world, with a per capita income of approximately $60 a month, according to the World Bank.
On 25 April 2015, Nepal expereinced a devastating earthquake with a magnitude of between 7.8 and 8.1 on the Richter scale and an intensity of IX on the Mercalli scale. It was the most powerful disaster to strike Nepal since 1934. As of 27 April 2015, more than 4,300 people were believed to have died as a result, with casualties reported in Nepal and adjoining areas of India, China, and Bangladesh.
Read this news article with the title– Nepal on 'war footing' as quarter of population hit by quake.
Answer the following questins:
Additional material from the BBC is available here.
Students might also consider assisting by mapping relief routes for the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT) using open source maps The HOT team are at an early stage of mapping roads into the remote mountainous regions of Nepal, and need substancial help as these roads will be critical in the days ahead, as ground-based rescue and relief efforts work to navigate the rugged terrain.
The best place to get up-to-date information about HOT’s response is via the HOT 2015 Nepal Earthquake wiki coordination page. Here you can find mapping tasks that are currently in progress, select a region, and start tracing routes yourself. This could be a homework/extension activity for the students.
Watch the video and read the BBC article about a recent devastating snowstorm in the USA.
An additional BBC news report on the snowstorm is available here.
Updated – The Times newspaper reported (22 November 2014) that the death toll had 'hit 13 and is expected to rise further still as rescue workers free vehicles trapped in deep drifts.' They stated that 'a year's worth of snow had been dumped in a matter of days.'
Read the BBC News in pictures article on the current eruption of the Kilauea volcano in Hawaii, possibly the most active volcano on earth.
Suggested student tasks
A video of the current eruption from the Pu'u O'o vent of the Kilauea volcano and further details are available here. This article could be used with KS4 students or more able KS3 students.
This USGS image from the 1990 eruption could also be used as a starter image to generate discussion. The lack of panic from the people gives a useful indication as to the slow speed of the lava flow. It also shows an attempt to stop the lava flow by cooling with water.