Read the following two articles on the current volcanic eruption in Guatemala which look at the rescue operations taking place.
2. The Guardian: Guatemala volcano: fresh eruptions force rescuers to evacuate
Guatemala's Fuego volcano erupted on Sunday 3rd June 2018 and is one of Central America's most active volcanoes. Fuego regularly erupts, but usually these are smaller events which pose little risk. However, Sunday's eruption caused more fatalities than any other previously recorded at Fuego. Why was this the case? Use information from the articles and the linked documents included within them to identify the causes, impacts and responses.
Here are some resources to help further your students knowledge and understanding of volcanic eruptions: their causes, effects and how people respond to and monitor them.
Read the BBC News in pictures article on the current eruption of the Kilauea volcano in Hawaii, possibly the most active volcano on earth.
Suggested student tasks
A video of the current eruption from the Pu'u O'o vent of the Kilauea volcano and further details are available here. This article could be used with KS4 students or more able KS3 students.
This USGS image from the 1990 eruption could also be used as a starter image to generate discussion. The lack of panic from the people gives a useful indication as to the slow speed of the lava flow. It also shows an attempt to stop the lava flow by cooling with water.
Mount Ontake (御嶽山 Ontake-san) is the second highest volcano in Japan (after Mount Fuji) at 3,067 m. It was thought to have been extinct until a series of eruptions occurred in 1979; there were further eruptions in 1991 and 2007.
Without warning on September 27, the volcano erupted again with an explosion of steam, water, ash, rock, and volcanic bombs.
The death toll now stands as more than 55 people with nine people still unaccounted for and is Japan’s deadliest eruption in over a century.
The image shows Japanese Self-Defense Force soldiers and firefighters about to search for people still missing. The rescuers, near the summit of Mt Ontake, are in sharp contrast to the grey volcanic ash.
A useful chronology of the 2014 eruption is available on Wikipedia.
Read the BBC news article about trying to stop or divert a flow of lava.